Interest Group on Crime:
Socially Responsible Crime Prevention
You are a member of the board of directors of Socially Responsible Crime Prevention. Your interest group is staunchly opposed to the death penalty. DNA testing has recently led to the release of a number of prisoners after long stints in prison for crimes they did not commit. You do not want to see anyone unjustly put to death. Instead, you advocate that more funds should be spent on crime prevention, including crime-prevention education for young children. You also want to outlaw firearm distribution and ownership. Firearms are used in one out of three instances of violent crime, and your organization feels that the best way to prevent violent crime is to eliminate the ownership of firearms. Once all firearms are outlawed, the government can more easily crack down on the illegal distribution of weapons.
Interest Group on Crime:
Safety on Our Boardwalks
You are a member of the board of directors of Safety on Our Streets, an interest group primarily concerned with making the United States safer. You believe that the key to a safe America is to keep dangerous criminals locked up for life. Your group strongly supports the death penalty as the best way to prevent criminals from repeating their crimes and to save U.S. taxpayers money. However, you are opposed to limitations on the legal ownership of firearms. Your group claims that the Second Amendment protects Americans’ rights to own firearms for their own protection. Your organization has done studies showing that the greatest deterrent for violent crime is criminals’ fear that the victims they target may possess firearms. Rather than disarming respon- sible citizens who own legally registered firearms, the government should instead spend more time and money recovering illegal firearms from criminals.
Interest Group on Energy:
Association of Petroleum Distributors
You are a member of the board of directors of an interest group representing major petroleum distributors. The companies you represent want less government interference in their busi- nesses. The demand for oil, not only in the United States but worldwide, is rising dramatically. To meet that need, the companies you represent want more freedom to drill for oil in the United States. These companies also recognize that automobile emissions from gasoline-fueled cars are harming the environment. Thus they are willing to work to make gas cleaner (resulting in lower levels of greenhouse gas emissions) or to develop alternative fuels, such as ethanol- or hydrogen- based fuels (both of which limit emissions). However, if these companies move into developing alternative fuels, they expect significant government subsidies (funding) to help fund research and the cost of changing their production models.